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The Laws of War on Land. Oxford, 9 September 1880.
Part II : Application of general principles #II. Occupied territory #B. Rules of conduct with respect to persons - Art. 45.
Art. 45. The civil functionaries and employees of every class who consent to continue to perform their duties are under the protection of the occupant.
They may always be dismissed, and they always have the right to resign their places.
They should not be summarily punished unless they fail to fulfil obligations accepted by them, and should be handed over to justice only if they violate these obligations.