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The Laws of War on Land. Oxford, 9 September 1880.
Part II : Application of general principles #II. Occupied territory #B. Rules of conduct with respect to persons - Art. 47.
' As occupation does not entail upon the inhabitants a change of nationality, '
Art. 47. The population of the invaded district cannot be compelled to swear allegiance to the hostile Power; but inhabitants who commit acts of hostility against the occupant are punishable (Article 1