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The Laws of War on Land. Oxford, 9 September 1880.
Part II : Application of general principles #II. Occupied territory #C. Rules of conduct with regard to property #(a) Public property - Art. 53.
Art. 53. The property of municipalities, and that of institutions devoted to religion, charity, education, art and science, cannot be seized.
All destruction or wilful damage to institutions of this character, historic monuments, archives, Works of art, or science, is formally forbidden, save when urgently demanded by military necessity.