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Manual of the Laws of Naval War. Oxford, 9 August 1913.
Section II : On the armed force of belligerent states - Art. 11.
Art. 11. Belligerent personnel. Constituting part of the armed force of a belligerent State and, therefore, in so far as they carry on operations at sea, subject as such to the laws of naval warfare, are:
(1) The personnel of the ships mentioned in Article 2
(2) The troops of the naval forces, active or reserve;
(3) The militarized personnel on the seacoasts;
(4) The regular forces, other than naval forces, or those regularly organized in conformity with
of the Hague Regulations of 18 October 1907, concerning the laws and customs of war on land.