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Manual of the Laws of Naval War. Oxford, 9 August 1913.
Section V : On the rights and duties of the belligerent with regard to individuals - Art. 64.
Art. 64. C. Religious, medical, and hospital personnel. The religious, medical, and hospital staff of every vessel taken or seized is inviolable, and its members may not be made prisoners of war. On leaving the ship they take away with them the objects and surgical instruments which are their own private property.
This staff shall continue to discharge its duties while necessary, and can afterwards leave, when the commander in chief considers it possible.
The belligerents must guarantee to the said staff, when it has fallen into their hands, the same allowances and pay which are given to the staff of corresponding rank in their own navy.
The commissioner put by the belligerent on board the hospital ship of his adversary, in conformity with paragraph 10 of Article 41
, enjoys the same protection as the medical staff.
The religious, medical, and hospital staffs lose their rights of inviolability, if they take part in hostilities, if, for example, they use their arms otherwise than for defense.