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Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 27 July 1929.
Part III : Captivity #Section II : Prisoners of war camps #Chapter 7 : Pecuniary resources of prisoners of war - Art. 23.
Art. 23. Subject to any special arrangements made between the belligerent Powers, and particularly those contemplated in Article 24
, officers and persons of equivalent status who are prisoners of war shall receive from the detaining Power the same pay as officers of corresponding rank in the armed forces of that Power, provided, however, that such pay does not exceed that to which they are entitled in the armed forces of the country in whose service they have been. This pay shall be paid to them in full, once a month if possible, and no deduction therefrom shall be made for expenditure devolving upon the detaining Power, even if such expenditure is incurred on their behalf.
An agreement between the belligerents shall prescribe the rate of exchange applicable to this payment; in default of such agreement, the rate of exchange adopted shall be that in force at the moment of the commencement of hostilities.
All advances made to prisoners of war by way of pay shall be reimbursed, at the end of hostilities, by the Power in whose service they were.