ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
Treaties and Documents
1949 Conventions and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
First draft Convention adopted in Monaco (Sanitary cities and localities), 27 July 1934.
III. - Protection of prisoners of war - Art. 1.
Medical assistance shall be afforded to prisoners of war under all circumstances.
It will be given by means of a medical personnel chosen, by preference, among the prisoners of the same nationality or, in default of this, by a medical personnel belonging to non-belligerent States and approved by the interested protecting Power or Powers.
It is recommended to belligerents to authorize each other by particular agreements to employ, in the camps, medical personnel belonging to the adversary.
By virtue of the provisions of Article 9
of the Geneva Convention, the medical personnel thus employed shall not be treated as prisoners of war.
The physicians designated for the treatment of prisoners of war shall compulsorily take part in the controlling of the hygienic measures referred to in Articles 13
of the Geneva Convention.