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Instructions for the Government of Armies of the United States in the Field (Lieber Code). 24 April 1863.
Section V : Safe-conduct -- Spies -- War-traitors -- Captured messengers -- Abuse of the flag of truce - Art. 102.
Art. 102. The law of war, like the criminal law regarding other offenses, makes no difference on account of the difference of sexes, concerning the spy, the war-traitor, or the war-rebel.