ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
Treaties and Documents
1949 Conventions and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
The Laws of War on Land. Oxford, 9 September 1880.
Part II : Application of general principles #I. Hostilities #A. Rules of conduct with regard to individuals #(a) Inoffensive populations - Art. 7.
' The contest being carried on by "armed forces" only (Article 1
Art. 7. It is forbidden to maltreat inoffensive populations.