ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
Treaties and Documents
1949 Conventions and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
The Laws of War on Land. Oxford, 9 September 1880.
Part II : Application of general principles #I. Hostilities #A. Rules of conduct with regard to individuals #(f) Spies - Art. 25.
' In order to avoid the abuses to which accusations of espionage too often give rise in
war it is important to assert emphatically that '
Art. 25. No person charged with espionage shall be punished until the judicial authority shall have pronounced judgment.
' Moreover, it is admitted that '
[See article 26