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Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armies in the Field. Geneva, 6 July 1906.
Chapter I : The sick and wounded - Art. 3.
Art. 3. After every engagement the belligerent who remains in possession of the field of battle shall take measures to search for the wounded and to protect the wounded and dead from robbery and ill treatment.
He will see that a careful examination is made of the bodies of the dead prior to their interment or incineration.