Anne-Marie La Rosa

International consultant on global governance

Anne-Marie La Rosa, PhD, DES, LLB, is a former Senior Officer of the International Labour Organization and the ICRC. She teaches and has published extensively in international humanitarian law, international criminal law and transitional justice, including on processes related to the missing.


  • Establishing mechanisms to clarify the fate and whereabouts of missing persons: A proposed humanitarian approach

    This article examines the different types of mechanisms which can contribute to addressing the issue of the missing, including providing answers on the fate and whereabouts of missing persons. It looks in detail at one approach that the authors have observed in the field. It argues that an approach based on humanitarian objectives which does not look into who is responsible for the disappearance, with proper management of confidential information, could be a powerful instrument for searching for and collecting relevant information on the missing in certain contexts. The article also proposes avenues for further research, with a view to enhancing the global capacity to provide meaningful answers for the missing and their families.

  • Armed groups, sanctions and the implementation of international humanitarian law

    This article examines the obligations of armed groups to impose sanctions and their possibilities for doing so. It discusses characteristics of armed groups that influence their willingness and ability to comply with IHL and to punish those of their members who commit violations and it analyses the different methods of punishment, including disciplinary sanctions, penal sanctions imposed by the State and penal sanctions imposed by the group itself.

  • Sanctions as a means of obtaining greater respect for humanitarian law: a review of their effectiveness

    There are several aspects to reviewing the role of punishment in ensuring greater respect for international humanitarian law. First, the question of improving compliance with the law; second, focus on the punishment itself; and third, characteristics of the perpetrators.

  • The missing and transitional justice: the right to know and the fight against impunity

    The authors look at the ways in which transitional justice mechanisms may support the right of families to know the fate of their relatives, and how work to resolve the missing persons issue can be reconciled with an effective fight against impunity.

  • Humanitarian organizations and international criminal tribunals, or trying to square the circle

    The fact that international criminal tribunals have become operational has undoubtedly changed the face of the global humanitarian environment. Humanitarian organizations face a very difficult dilemma: on the one hand they cannot ignore the important role of international criminal prosecution, while on the other they are reluctant to put their operations in the field at risk by being seen to co-operate in judicial proceedings. Furthermore, a categorical refusal to co-operate could lead to their being compelled to testify.