Michael John-Hopkins

Senior lecturer in law, Oxford Brookes University, UK

Dr. Michael John-Hopkins is a senior lecturer in law at the Oxford Brookes University in the UK.


  • Regulating the conduct of urban warfare: lessons from contemporary asymmetric armed conflicts

    A survey of contemporary armed conflicts indicates that major military powers are increasingly facing militarily weaker adversaries and being drawn into unconventional engagements in cities. It is submitted that higher standards of reasonableness be imposed upon military commanders, and furthermore that civilian populations be spared more effectively from the effects of urban warfare by applying customary law.