A conference commemorating the 40th anniversary of the adoption of the 1977 protocols additional to the 1949 Geneva Conventions, organized by the ICRC, in cooperation with the Institute of International Law of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, was held from 19 to 20 May 2017 in Beijing. This conference gathered around 100 participants, including key representatives from Chinese authorities, the Parliament, military institutions, the National Committee for International Humanitarian law, the Red Cross Society of China and the ICRC, as well as experts of international law from think tanks and academic institutions in China and overseas.
The adoption of the two Additional Protocols in 1977 was a milestone in the regulation of armed conflicts, and the rules codified in these two instruments remain as pertinent today as they were four decades ago. This conference covered a range of important international humanitarian law (IHL) issues. Prestigious IHL experts attended this conference, and exchanged their views during the two-day event.
Mr Pierre Dorbes, head of the ICRC’s regional delegation for East Asia, Professor Chen Zexian, director-general, Institute of International Law, CASS, and Mr Larry Maybee, regional legal adviser, ICRC regional delegation for East Asia, have a warm and friendly discussion before the conference.
Mr Ma Xinmin, deputy director-general, Treaty and Law Department, Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, gives his keynote speech titled “International humanitarian law in flux: development and new agendas.”
The panelists have a lively discussion with the participants during the conference.
The participants listen attentively to the speaker.
Mr Yves Sandoz, honorary member of the ICRC, has a friendly talk with Senior Colonel Wang Haiping, professor at the faculty of military law, Xi’an Political Academy.
Professor Zhang Aining, international law faculty member at the China Foreign Affairs University and secretary-general of the Chinese Society of International Law, chairs a session.
Mr Pierre Dorbes and Professor Chen Zexian give welcome addresses at the dinner reception.
Professor Adil Haque, Rutgers University Law School, presents on lingering questions and contemporary challenges of the Additional Protocol II.
Professor Huang Zhixiong, deputy-director of the Institute of International Law at Wuhan University, answers the question raised by a participant.
Mr Larry Maybee and Mr Yi Li, director of Legal Affairs Office of the National People's Congress, talk after a session.
Ms Jelena Pejic, senior legal adviser of the ICRC in Geneva, gives her presentation on generating respect for IHL through compliance mechanisms.
Professor Sun Shiyan, Institute of International Law of CASS, and member of the Editorial Board of International Review of the Red Cross makes his presentation on the applicability of IHL and international human rights law to contemporary conflicts.
Mr Jean-Marie Henckaerts, legal adviser and head of Commentaries update project of the ICRC, makes his presentation on the impact of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols on ensuring respect for IHL.
Professor He Zhipeng, Law School, Jilin University, speaks on how China contributes to the building of international rule of law.
Mr Yves Sandoz delivers his closing remarks.