Armed groups, sanctions and the implementation of international humanitarian law

This article examines the obligations of armed groups to impose sanctions and their possibilities for doing so. It discusses characteristics of armed groups that influence their willingness and ability to comply with IHL and to punish those of their members who commit violations and it analyses the different methods of punishment, including disciplinary sanctions, penal sanctions imposed by the State and penal sanctions imposed by the group itself.

About the authors

Carolin Wuerzner
Editorial assistant

Was editorial assistant for the International Review of the Red Cross and is now working with UNHCR.

Anne-Marie La Rosa
International consultant on global governance

Anne-Marie La Rosa, PhD, DES, LLB, is a former Senior Officer of the International Labour Organization and the ICRC. She teaches and has published extensively in international humanitarian law, international criminal law and transitional justice, including on processes related to the missing.