Armed groups, sanctions and the implementation of international humanitarian law

This article examines the obligations of armed groups to impose sanctions and their possibilities for doing so. It discusses characteristics of armed groups that influence their willingness and ability to comply with IHL and to punish those of their members who commit violations and it analyses the different methods of punishment, including disciplinary sanctions, penal sanctions imposed by the State and penal sanctions imposed by the group itself.

About the authors

Carolin Wuerzner
Editorial assistant

Was editorial assistant for the International Review of the Red Cross and is now working with UNHCR.

Anne-Marie La Rosa
Legal advisor

Legal advisor, Advisory Service, Legal Division, ICRC. The author also teaches international criminal law at the University Centre for International Humanitarian Law in Geneva

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