Armed violence in fragile states: Low-intensity conflicts, spillover conflicts, and sporadic law enforcement operations by third parties

31 March 2009 Robin Geiss

The process of state failure is commonly accompanied by armed violence, which generally oscillates around the level required to trigger the application of IHL and has cross-border spillover effects. This article examines the specific issues raised by qualification of armed violence in fragile states - in particular, the application of IHL to sporadic law enforcement operations by third parties.

About the author

Robin Geiss

Ph.D., LL.M. (NYU), currently works as a research fellow at the Bucerius Law School, Hamburg.