Ensuring national compliance with IHL: The role and impact of national IHL committees

Since the First Geneva Convention was adopted in 1864, international humanitarian law (IHL) has become a complex and steadily developing body of international law. Its conventions, protocols and customary rules encompass a large range of subjects, from the protection of the sick and wounded, civilians, civilian objects, prisoners of war and cultural property to the restriction or prohibition of specific types of weapons and methods of warfare.

About the author

Cristina Pellandini
Head of the ICRC Advisory Service on International Humanitarian Law

Cristina Pellandini is head of the ICRC Advisory Service on International Humanitarian Law, which supports efforts by States to implement international humanitarian law at the national level. Since joining the ICRC in 1984, she has carried out several field assignments for the organization in Latin America and Asia. She has also held various legal and diplomatic advisory positions, both in the field and at headquarters. In 1995–1996 she helped create the ICRC Advisory Service on IHL.