The policy context of torture: A social-psychological analysis

Acts of torture are conceptualized as crimes of obedience, which are inevitably linked to crimes at higher levels of the hierarchy, where orders are issued, policy is formulated, and the atmosphere conducive to acts of torture is created.

About the author

Herbert C. Kelman
Professor of Social Ethics

Herbert C. Kelman is Richard Clarke Cabot Professor of Social Ethics, Emeritus, at Harvard University and a student of international conflict and conflict resolution, specializing in the Middle East.