The protective scope of Common Article 3: more than meets the eye

Non-international armed conflicts are not only prevalent today, but are also evolving in terms of the types that have been observed in practice. The article sets out a possible typology and argues that Common Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions may be given an expanded geographical reading as a matter of treaty law. It also suggests that there is a far wider range of rules – primarily of a binding nature, but also policybased – that apply in Common Article 3 armed conflicts with regard to the treatment of persons in enemy hands and the conduct of hostilities.

About the author

Jelena Pejic
International Committee of the Red Cross

Jelena Pejic is Senior Legal Adviser in the Legal Division of the International Committee of the Red Cross, based in Geneva.