Timelines, borderlines and conflicts: The historical evolution of the legal divide between international and non-international armed conflicts

The legal divide between international and non-international armed conflicts still exists, despite calls for its removal and the confusion created by 'transnational' conflicts involving non-state entities. This article explains the divide historically, discusses its continued relevance, and examines how certain situations could be classified in the existing typology.

About the author

Rogier Bartels
Legal adviser

Legal adviser at the International Humanitarian Law Division of the Netherlands Red Cross, and PhD researcher in the University of Amsterdam’s research programme on ‘The Role of Law in Armed Conflict and Peace Operations’.

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