International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent
IRRC No. 876
Ever since it was first held in 1867, the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent has been a unique forum for discussing issues of humanitarian concerns with the Movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent and the States. By reaffirming the responsibility of all States to respect and ensure respect for international humanitarian law, the Conference regularly explores new challenges and trends as observed in contemporary armed conflicts.
Table of contents
Editorial: International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent
Interview with Ambassador Masood Khan
The International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent – challenges, key issues and achievements
Since the constituent Conference in October 1863, which gave birth to the Red Cross, the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent has met on thirty occasions. What contribution has the Conference made to the development of international humanitarian law and humanitarian action? What are the main challenges that the Conference has had to face? Where has it succeeded and where has it failed?
The importance of the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent to National Societies: fundamental in theory and in practice
In practice, not all National Societies have taken full advantage of the opportunities provided by the International Conference for interaction and relationship-building with their own authorities. Practical ways are suggested to help National Societies participate more actively in the Conference and to use it to good benefit before and afterwards.
Participation of states in the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent and assemblies of other international organizations
The International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (“International Conference”) is one of the few international fora in which governments take part on an equal footing with other entities. This article provides an overview of the models for participation in the assemblies of other international organizations, and how problematic cases have been dealt with in various fora.
The emblem that cried wolf: ICRC study on the use of the emblems
This article presents the Emblem Study's origin and objectives, and explains the structure and the methodology followed in its preparation. Particular emphasis is put on the need to avoid diluting the protective value of the emblems by maintaining a distinction between those entitled to use the emblems, their partners and other actors in the humanitarian field.
Humanitarians and their moral stance in war: the underlying values
In this article the moral values underlying humanitarian principles are analysed. What were the original moral values, have they changed and to what extent are they in danger today? Has humanity itself become an instrumental value?
Military intervention for humanitarian purposes: does the Responsibility to Protect doctrine advance the legality of the use of force for humanitarian ends?
The Responsibility to Protect is being touted as a new approach to protecting populations from mass atrocities. This paper specifically addresses the evolution of the legality of humanitarian intervention and looks at whether the Responsibility to Protect doctrine advances the legality of the use of force for humanitarian ends.
What does “intent to destroy” in genocide mean?
The prevailing view in the case-law interprets the respective “intent to destroy” requirement as a special or specific intent (dolus specialis) stressing its volitional or purpose-based tendency. A historical, literal, systematic and teleological interpretation of the “intent to destroy” requirement, taking into account the particular structure of the genocide offence and the meaning of “intent” in comparative law, reveals that the traditional view can no longer be maintained.
Expert meeting on procedural safeguards for security detention in non-international armed conflict
An informal Expert Meeting on Procedural Safeguards for Security Detention in Non-International Armed Conflict was convened by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Chatham House, bringing together experts with a military, academic, government and NGO background. The discussion was focused on outstanding legal and operational issues linked to internment practice. The ICRC’s 2005 position paper on Procedural Principles and Safeguards for Internment/Administrative Detention and a list of practical questions prepared by the ICRC served as background documents for the discussion. The experts took part in their personal capacity. As the meeting was conducted under the Chatham House Rule the views reflected in this summary report are not attributed to individual persons or the institutions they represent. While inevitably touching on both criminal and administrative detention/internment in situations of international armed conflict, occupation, and situations of violence below the applicability threshold of international humanitarian law, the debate was focused on security detention in non-international armed conflict. The report therefore covers only that issue; expansions into wider areas of discussion will be mentioned only where directly relevant.
Resolutions: Council of Delegates of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement Nairobi, 23–25 November 2009
Books and articles (Winter 2009)
Recent acquisitions of the Library & Research Service