What about the so-called "war against terrorism"?
This is a term used to describe a range of measures and operations aimed at preventing and combatting further terrorist attacks. These measures could include armed conflict.
In this case, countries that engage in military operations against their enemies - such as in Afghanistan from October 2001 - are bound by international humanitarian law (IHL): they must spare anyone who does not take part in the hostilities or who no longer does so. This includes civilians as well as wounded and detained enemy combatants.
ICRC believes that adherence to IHL in times of war will prevent the loss of innocent lives, curb unnecessary suffering and ensure that people are treated justly.