Haiti: boosting Cité Soleil's water supply
The ICRC has since 2005 been striving to help the authorities provide a public water service to Cité Soleil. Thanks to this programme, which will be completed by the end of 2013, all the residents of this underprivileged area will see their water supply improved. The authorities have now taken over the reins of the water service.
The inhabitants of Cité Soleil – one of the biggest and poorest parts of Port-au-Prince – live in extremely difficult circumstances. With water in short supply and rubbish discarded on the streets, hygiene conditions are poor. The area is also plagued by crime and sporadic outbreaks of violence.
Basic services (health care, water and sanitation) had ceased to function because of the widespread violence, until the ICRC stepped in with a series of programmes to improve people's living conditions.
Improving the water supply
Since 2005 the ICRC has been working with the water board to repair and extend the water production and distribution network and to make the service pay for itself. Ultimately, the goal is to enable the authorities to assume full responsibility for providing Cité Soleil with a sustainable water supply.
Repairing supply points and pumping stations
- The ICRC and the water board have already repaired 36 water supply points (each with several taps), while repairs on two more are under way. Another 17 are scheduled to be operational by the end of 2013.
- Four pumping stations have been repaired and are now up and running.
The supply network now reaches many more people and delivers 6.5 million litres of water per day. That makes a daily entitlement of 15 litres of water per person per day. Water now costs less too.
Handing over the reins to the authorities
With ICRC support, the authorities are now in the process of putting in place a transparent and financially self-sufficient system for managing Cité Soleil's water network. The ICRC will focus its efforts on completing repairs to all the water supply points in the area by the end of 2013.