Myanmar - Update on ICRC activities - February 2002
26-02-2002 Operational Update
Protection of and assistance to civilians, people deprived of their freedom and wounded & sick. Promotion of international humanitarian law (IHL) and Red Cross fundamental principles. In cooperation with the International Federation, support for the Myanmar Red Cross Society in tracing, dissemination of IHL and emergency preparedness activities.
Sectors of Work : Protection of and assistance to civilians, people deprived of their freedom and wounded & sick. Promotion of international humanitarian law (IHL) and Red Cross fundamental principles. In cooperation with the International Federation, support for the Myanmar Red Cross Society in tracing, dissemination of IHL and emergency preparedness activities.
Presence: Orthopaedic programme began in 1986. Now total of 155 staff, expatriate and national
Brief Main Programme Descriptions
1. Protection of and assistance to civilians in border areas
Civilians are respected and protected by all bearers of weapons and are able to meet their basic needs. Improved water and sanitation systems and better health practices reduce rates of communicable disease.
Discuss firsthand information on protection issues with authorities or groups concerned promoting measures that enforce protection of and respect for civilians. Build wells, protect water sources, construct latrines and conduct health education with involvement of communities and MRCS branches in selected townships.
Mon State, Kayin State, Shan State.
2. Protection of and assistance to people deprived of their freedom
The dignity of all persons detained is respected at all times. They have satisfactory material, physical and psychological conditions of detention, including contact with family members, access to health care, adequate supply of food and water and acceptable hygiene conditions.
Continue regular visits to detainees, providing authorities with confidential feedback and recommendations on the findings of visits; enable detainees to maintain contact with their family members via Red Cross messages. Finance transport costs for family visits to some detainees. Continue developing a comprehensive health policy for places of detention together with the prison authorities and the Ministry of Health in a joint task force. Provide technical advice to the authorities to improve and maintain prison water and sanitation systems. Provide assistance in the form of hygiene and recreational items to all detainees visited.
All States and Divisions.
3. Assistance to wounded and sick
All amputees have access to prosthesis fitting and repair free of charge and all persons wounded in fighting receive adequate medical care.
Work with the Ministry of Health to support existing health structures in border areas. Offer services to improve water supply and sanitation systems in hospitals in border areas. Improve quality and quantity of prostheses manufactured by 5 prosthetic workshops in Myanmar, by providing mate rials, training and equipment. Send prosthetic/orthotic technicians to Cambodia for further training. With the Ministry of Health and the MRCS maintain a program (joint program) for the identification and transport of amputees free of charge living far from prosthetic centres. Establish ortho centre and launch prostheses production in Hpa-an (Kayin State).
Mandalay, Yangon Division, Kayin State.