Time limitation under the United States Alien Tort Claims Act
30-09-2003 Article, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 851, by J. Romesh Weeramantry
Victims of international law violations may bring civil actions for damages against the perpetrators under the United States Alien Tort Claims Act (hereafter ATCA). Lawsuits instituted pursuant to the ATCA may include claims based on violations of international humanitarian law but such claims are completely independent of prosecutions for war crimes or crimes against humanity that might arise from the same factual circumstances. Actions under the ATCA are not aimed at imposing penal sanctions but seek payment of monetary compensation by the defendant for the damage suffered by the victim.