The Golan is an area of about 1,200 square kilometres occupied by Israel since the 1967 six-day war.
At the request of farmers from the Israeli-occupied Golan, and following the approval of both Israel and Syria, the ICRC started transferring 12,000 tonnes of apples from the occupied Golan through the 1974 separation line into Syria proper on 15 February. The operation is expected to take approximately 10 weeks. The sale of fruit represents a significant economic and human link between Syrian farmers in the occupied Golan and the Syrian market, and the ICRC has been running such operations since 2005. The programme is only possible because all parties recognize the ICRC’s role as a neutral intermediary.