The present report has been compiled pursuant to Resolution 1 of the 27th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, which requested the ICRC and the International Federation to submit a report to the 28th International Conference on the implementation of the Plan of Action for the years 2000-2003.
The report provides an overview of the steps taken by members of the 27th International Conference to implement the Plan of Action, which they adopted in 1999. It is based for the most part on the 85 replies to the follow-up questionnaire received prior to 1 September 2003 by the ICRC and the International Federation from States party to the Geneva Conventions, National Societies, the ICRC and the International Federation (see Annex I). Other sources of information include official notifications by States of their adherence to international humanitarian law treaties and various evaluation mechanisms set up within the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and dealing with issues covered by the Plan of Action (such as the National Society self-assessment questionnaire).
The report analyses the follow-up to the Plan of Action from two angles. First, it briefly points out the lessons to be learned from a methodological perspective (the relevance of the scope and content of the Plan of Action, the effectiveness of follow-up mechanisms, etc.) and the importance of taking those lessons into account when drawing up action-oriented documents to be adopted by future International Conferences. Secondly, the report provides extensive coverage of the measures taken to implement the Plan of Action, highlighting best practices and a number of overall trends. This second part of t he report is divided into Final Goals, in keeping with the structure of the Plan of Action. Under each Final Goal, sub-sections address specific areas of common concern. The report also contains text boxes illustrating concrete steps taken by Conference members.
Although it was impossible to reflect the full range of experience gained during the implementation period worldwide, the measures and trends pointed out should encourage all Conference members and others to review their own practices and take further steps as required. Moreover, even though the information provided by participants between 1 September and 2 December 2003 is not included in the present report, it can be consulted via a database on the follow-up to the 27th International Conference that is available on the ICRC's website. Conference members are encouraged to consult this database so as to get a full and up-to-date picture of all the measures taken so far to implement the Plan of Action. The database also contains information on the implementation of individual pledges made at the 27th International Conference.
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