The ICRC in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan
Since 1992, the ICRC has been supporting the authorities in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan in promoting IHL and other humanitarian norms and their integration into national legislation, academic curricula and the practices of military and security forces. It also helps boost the capacity of the region’s Red Crescent Societies.
In Tajikistan the ICRC works jointly with the Red Crescent Society to alleviate long-standing consequences of internal conflict. The two organizations raise the local population’s awareness of the serious threat posed by landmines and other unexploded remnants of war and promote a legal framework on the issue of missing persons.
In Kyrgyzstan, following the upsurge of violence in April and June 2010, the ICRC upgraded its presence to a full-fledged delegation.
The ICRC works to foster an environment in which, in the event of armed conflict or other situations violence, the lives and dignity of people adversely affected are respected. To this purpose the delegation provides governments with advice, legal and other technical support in: implementing IHL instruments; and integrating IHL and other humanitarian norms into national legislation and the curricula of educational institutions.
The delegation supports the permanent integration of IHL, and other international standards applicable to situations of violence, into military mechanisms and regulations.
In Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, the delegation also works with a range of law-enforcement agencies to promote adherence to applicable international human rights norms and internationally accepted standards for law-enforcement.
In all four countries, the ICRC aims to bolster the capacities of National Red Crescent Societies and reinforce their role as auxiliary to their States in humanitarian work. To this end it provides them with financial and technical support and legal advice. In particular, the ICRC helps to strengthen the National Societies’ capacity to: respond to emergencies; promote IHL and humanitarian principles; offer Restoring Family Links services; and in Tajikistan, to provide mine-risk education for populations in regions affected by mines.