ICRC databases on international humanitarian law
Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
Treaties and Documents
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
[p.416] Article 1 determines the categories of persons who will be entitled to reside in hospital zones (1).
Paragraph 1 covers the same ground as Article 23
of the Convention, to which it refers. Reference should therefore be made to our comments on that Article, for particulars of the categories covered -- namely, the wounded and sick, medical personnel and personnel responsible for the organization and administration of the zones. (2)
We should perhaps add that in our opinion the expression "personnel entrusted with the organization and administration of the zones" must be taken in a fairly broad sense, to include, for example, the police, the services responsible for preventing the entry into the zone of persons who have no right to reside there, and the fire and passive defence services, as well as members of the Commissions of control provided for in Article 8
of the Draft Agreement.
Paragraph 2 is concerned with the resident population which, although not mentioned in the Convention itself, must nevertheless be taken into account -- especially when dealing with hospital zones of some magnitude. Residents in the zone have certain obligations which will be discussed in connection with the following Article
The Monaco Draft (3) authorized the temporary residence in a hospital zone of members of the armed forces on leave who originally came from the area in question. This would appear to be allowed by the existing text, and the same facility might well be extended to workers back on holiday from factories engaged in war production.
* (1) [(1) p.416] Under Article 13 of the Draft Agreement, the
latter applies to hospital localities as well as to
hospital zones. Everything said in regard to the zones
should therefore be taken as also applying to localities;
(2) [(2) p.416] See above, page 213;
(3) [(3) p.416] See above, page 208;