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Convention (III) relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
[p.660] ARTICLE 7
. -- STATUS OF THE COMMISSIONS
The principle that the Commissions must be entirely independent of the Parties to the conflict has never been questioned and is now confirmed by the present Article. Independence cannot be complete, however, unless the members of the Commissions have all the necessary facilities for carrying out their task. The Detaining Power is therefore required not only to ensure that suitable arrangements are made for their maintenance, but also to provide transport and protection where necessary, or even to accord them diplomatic immunity.
Lastly, the authorities of the Detaining Power must take all appropriate measures so that the inspections can proceed with the utmost despatch and efficiency, both by making the necessary arrangements for visits and by ensuring that the necessary technical or scientific equipment is available.