Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
Treaties and Documents
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field. Geneva, 12 August 1949.
State parties (196)
State signatories (0)
This Convention represents the fourth updated version of the Geneva Convention on the wounded and sick following those adopted in 1864, 1906 and 1929. It contains 64 articles. These provide protection for the wounded and sick, but also for medical and religious personnel, medical units and medical transports. The Convention also recognizes the distinctive emblems. It has two annexes containing a draft agreement relating to hospital zones and a model identity card for medical and religious personnel.
The updated Commentary on this Convention was published online on 22 March 2016 and takes into account developments up to this date.
This commentary can be referred to (in full) as ICRC,
Commentary on the First Geneva Convention: Convention (I) for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, 2nd edition, 2016
, or (in brief) as ICRC,
Commentary on the First Geneva Convention, 2016
. This web page can be referred to as:
. A print version of this commentary will be available from Cambridge University Press in Fall 2016.
Forum of adoption :
Diplomatic Conference of Geneva of 1949
In force :
Entry in force :
Meetings of forum :
21.04.1949 - 12.08.1949, Geneva
Date of adoption :
Number of articles :
64 + 2 annexes
Authentic text :
Final Record of the Diplomatic Conference of Geneva of 1949, Vol. I, Federal Political Department, Bern pp. 205-224
Download document(s) :
GC-I-EN.pdf (237.70 kb)