Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
Treaties and Documents
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and Additional Protocols, and their Commentaries
Historical Treaties and Documents
Convention (XII) relative to the Creation of an International Prize Court. The Hague, 18 October 1907.
Part I : General provisions - Art. 3.
Art. 3. The judgments of national prize courts may be brought before the International Prize Court --
1. When the judgment of the national prize courts affects the property of a neutral Power or individual;
2. When the judgment affects enemy property and relates to --
(a) Cargo on board a neutral ship;
(b) An enemy ship captured in the territorial waters of a neutral Power, when that Power has not made the capture the subject of a diplomatic claim;
(c) A claim based upon the allegation that the seizure has been effected in violation, either of the provisions of a Convention in force between the belligerent Powers, or of an enactment issued by the belligerent captors.
The appeal against the judgment of the national court can be based on the ground that the judgment was wrong either in fact or in law.