Treaties, States Parties and Commentaries
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    1. Disputes that may arise concerning the application or the interpretation of
    this Convention shall be settled in accordance with the relevant provisions of
    this Convention and in conformity with the provisions of the Charter of the
    United Nations.

    2. When a dispute arises between two or more States Parties, or between one or
    more States Parties and the Organization, relating to the interpretation or
    application of this Convention, the parties concerned shall consult together
    with a view to the expeditious settlement of the dispute by negotiation or by
    other peaceful means of the parties' choice, including recourse to appropriate
    organs of this Convention and, by mutual consent, referral to the
    International Court of Justice in conformity with the Statute of the Court.
    The States Parties involved shall keep the Executive Council informed of
    actions being taken.

    3. The Executive Council may contribute to the settlement of a dispute by
    whatever means it deems appropriate, including offering its good offices,
    calling upon the States Parties to a dispute to start the settlement process
    of their choice and recommending a time-limit for any agreed procedure.

    4. The Conference shall consider questions related to disputes raised by
    States Parties or brought to its attention by the Executive Council. The
    Conference shall, as it finds necessary, establish or entrust organs with
    tasks related to the settlement of these disputes in conformity with Article
    VIII, paragraph 21 (f).

    5. The Conference and the Executive Council are separately empowered, subject
    to authorization from the General Assembly of the United Nations, to request
    the International Court of Justice to give an advisory opinion on any legal
    question arising within the scope of the activities of the Organization. An
    agreement between the Organization and the United Nations shall be concluded
    for this purpose in accordance with Article VIII, paragraph 34 (a).
    6. This Article is without prejudice to Article IX or to the provisions on
    measures to redress a situation and to ensure compliance, including sanctions

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