Baghdad. Woman and child in front of the remains of a warehouse destroyed by coalition forces bombing. Photo: VOETEN Teun Anthony/ICRC
On 28 November, in the framework of a two-day symposium on "War in Cities", the ICRC, the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) will host an expert panel at the Humanitarium. The panelists will discuss the major challenges posed by current military operations conducted in urban environments and reflect about measures that need to be taken to reduce the human cost. How does urban warfare affect cities and society as a whole? Which military tactics and technologies are developed by State and non-State armed groups to avoid or at least minimize civilian harm? Is there a need to clarify the interpretation of certain rules of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) related to the conduct of hostilities in urban settings? How can architecture reduce the impact of such conflicts and contribute in rebuilding a sense of identity?
Each panelist will provide critical insights about their respective responsibility and role in reducing civilian suffering by sharing their experiences from the ground. Drawing on lessons learned, the debate will promote a holistic multidisciplinary solution-oriented approach to the far-reaching effects of urban conflicts.
The conference is part of the ICRC's Conference Cycle on War in cities.
Ahead of the conference, you are invited to a cocktail reception at 18:00 at the ICRC cafeteria. We also encourage you to visit ICRC's exhibition on War in Cities at the Humanitarium.
Waging war in a city means the lines between civilians and military targets become blurred. IHL offers protection to civilians and their livelihood, as well as restrictions to the choice of means and methods of warfare. However, as civilian populations are so openly exposed to violence in urban armed conflict and are highly dependent on basic services, assuring their protection requires a holistic approach by the different actors involved, presenting a certain number of challenges.
The panelists will address the major challenges of urban warfare from various points of view and highlight some best-practices they have experienced in recent urban armed conflicts.
- Peter Maurer, President of the ICRC
- Pascale Baeriswyl, State Secretary of the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, FDFA
- Bastian Giegerich, Director, Defence and Military Analysis Programme, IISS
- Vincent Bernard, Editor-in-Chief, International Review of the Red Cross, Head of Law and Policy Forum, ICRC
- David Kilcullen, Senior fellow, Future of War program at the New America, Washington D.C.
- Helen Durham, Director of International Law and Policy, ICRC
- Marwa Al-Sabouni, Architect and author of "The battle for Home"