Law enforcement agencies and health-care providers coexist, including in emergency situations not related to armed conflict, such as various forms of collective violence. These moments of interaction can be both challenging and collaborative. The two years preceding the writing of this report were marked pandemic and the rise of social unrest. This has come on top of protracted situations of social protests, urban violence and other emergency scenarios where the health needs of populations grow exponentially, such as in cases of natural disasters or waves of displacement or migration. This paper provides case studies and pragmatic recommendations for such situations.