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National implementation of IHL: model laws

29-09-2010 Legal Fact Sheet

With a view to facilitating implementation of the rules of international humanitarian law at the national level, the ICRC’s Advisory Service on International Humanitarian Law proposes model laws and offers advice on drafting legislation.

Laws and regulations adopted by States to implement international humanitarian law are available in the IHL - National Implementation database.


Biological and Toxin Weapons

Model law: the Biological and Toxin Weapons Crimes Act.



Model legislative provisions on the recruitment or use of children in armed conflict


Cluster munitions

Model law Convention on Cluster Munitions, legislation for Common Law States on the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions



Model law on the emblems, national legislation on the use and protection of the emblem of the Red Cross, Red Crescent and Red Crystal


Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocols

Model Law - Geneva Conventions (Consolidation) Act, legislation for Common Law States on the 1949 Geneva Conventions and their 1977 and 2005 Additional Protocols

Model Geneva Conventions Act (for common law States), this model act gives effect to the provisions of the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and to their two Additional Protocols of 1977.


International Criminal Court

Commonwealth Model Law to implement the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court:



Guiding principles / Model Law on the missing, principles for legislating the situation of persons missing as a result of armed conflict or internal violence: measures to prevent persons from going missing and to protect the rights and interests of the missing and their families.

Missing Persons and their Families, fact sheet describing the problem of missing persons and providing recommendations for drafting national legislation in this area.