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Pakistan - 54 years of ICRC activity


A brief chronology of over a half-century of presence


ICRC in Pakistan since 1947 
Chronology of the most marking events: 

 2002 - The ICRC is working on a proposal of providing support to the Pakistan Armed Forces, regarding the integration of the International Humanitarian Law within their training programmes. The aim of this project is to enable the Armed Forces to have serving officers as instructors at different training institutions

 2001 - For the second time, a team of Pakistani law students participated in an international law moot on International Humanitarian Law held in the United States. The team successfully qualified the English speaking round and participated on 12 August 2001 in the final round of the competition in Geneva.

 2000 - For the first time from Pakistan, a team of law students participated in an international law moot on International Humanitarian Law.

Development and Co-operation Unit (DCU) at the National Headquarters of the PRCS is established with the support of the ICRC. Different projects for further cooperation and institutional development are identified.

 1999 - The ICRC acted as neutral intermediary for the return of PoWs and mortal remains of soldiers during and after the Kargil conflict.

The ICRC pro vides tents and distributes relief goods among the internally displaced persons in AJK.

Assessment for the capacity of the PRCS were made and recommendations were made for the overall institutional development of the PRCS.

The ICRC provides two ambulances to the Punjab Branch of the PRCS and the support continued for the mobile eye clinic in AJK and the Northern Areas.

 1998 - The first series of lectures on International Humanitarian Law for the training institutions of Pakistan Armed Forces is carried out. The dissemination programme is also expanded to the academic circles, which include the Law Faculties and Departments of International Relations.

 1997 - Contacts with Pakistan Armed Forces and different Academic circles are initiated to propose co-operation regarding dissemination of the International Humanitarian Law.

 1993 - The delegation office is shifted to Islamabad. A Headquarters agreement is signed with the Government of Pakistan. The Peshawar office is redesignated as the sub-delegation and continues supporting the Afghanistan operations.

 1986 - The ICRC established its delegation office in Peshawar catering mostly to the logistic needs of the ICRC operations in Afghanistan.

 1984 - A paraplegic rehabilitation centre is inaugurated by the ICRC in Peshawar.

 1980 - The ICRC and the Federation started helping the NWFP branch of the PRCS to assist Afghan r efugees located close to the border, seven first aid posts financed by the ICRC and managed by the PRCS were opened close to the border.

 1972 - After the 1971 war the ICRC visited and registered 90,000 Pakistani PoW's held in  -- Indian camps. The ICRC also transmitted more than 1 million family messages and 1974 180,000 family parcels between POW's and their families with the help of PRCS.

It also facilitated the final repatriation of PoW's in 1974.

 1965 - During and after the 1965 war, the ICRC provided medical aid like plasma and transfusion material to military hospitals. The Central Tracing Agency at the ICRC Headquarters in Geneva received and transmitted lists of prisoners of war (POW) to both Pakistani and Indian authorities and facilitated the exchange of thousands of messages and parcels between POW's and their families.

 1949 - The ICRC supervises a general exchange of Prisoners of War between India and Pakistan captured during the war in Kashmir. Medical relief was also provided to PRCS to cope with high number of refugees.

 1948 - The ICRC recognizes the newly created Pakistan Red Cross Society (PRCS). An agreement is facilitated between Pakistan and India dealing with the tracing and repatriation of civilians lost during the two-way migration.

 1947 - An ICRC delegate is sent at the end of year from Geneva to Karachi and New Delhi to act as a neutral intermediary for facilitating repatriations and to visit refugee camps in both Pakistan and India.

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