Factsheet explaining the provisions of the Anti-personnel Mine Ban Convention. In particular, the following questions/topics are addressed: why a ban in anti-personnel mines? What are the basic obligations contained in the Convention? Which mines are affected by this treaty? When and how will existing anti-personnel mines be destroyed? How does the treaty help mine victims? How is compliance with the treaty monitored? What must a country do to implement the Convention? Can a State ban anti-personnel mines and adhere to Protocol II to the 1980 UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons? review and implementation machinery.