ICRC directorate

01 July 2022

A new Directorate began its mandate 1 July 2022 – with 6 new Directors. The members of the ICRC directorate are appointed by the Assembly for four-year terms.

Pierre Krähenbühl


Pierre Krähenbühl is Director-General of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), a position he assumed in April 2024. As head of the ICRC's executive body, he is responsible for steering the organisation's global humanitarian activities and its 18,000 staff in more than 100 countries, with a yearly budget of over USD 2.1 billion.

Mr Krähenbühl has dedicated more than 30 years to the humanitarian sector, including 25 years in prominent roles at the ICRC in delegations and at headquarters. His previous leadership appointments at the ICRC include director of operations (2002-2014) and personal adviser to the President of the ICRC (2000-2002). Mr Krähenbühl also carried out various operational assignments in El Salvador, Peru, Afghanistan, and Bosnia and Herzegovina (1991-1998); and as head of operations for Central and South-Eastern Europe, based in Geneva (1998-2000).

Immediately prior to holding the Director-General position, Mr Krähenbühl was secretary-general to the Assembly at the ICRC (2023-2024). He served as the personal envoy of the ICRC President to China and head of regional delegation for East Asia (2021-2023). In 2014 he was appointed as commissioner-general and under-secretary general of the United Nations at UNRWA (2014-2019).

He holds an MA in political science and international relations from the University of Geneva and Graduate Institute of International Relations.

Martin Schüepp

Director of Operations

Martin Schüepp is the Director of Operations of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), based in Geneva, Switzerland.

Since joining the ICRC in 2007, Martin has held various operational and managerial positions in complex conflict environments, notably in Sudan's Darfur region, southern and south-eastern Afghanistan, and eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. He coordinated the ICRC's operations in West Africa before overseeing the ICRC's operations in Europe and Central Asia first as Deputy Regional Director and from 2019 to 2022 as its Regional Director.

Prior to joining the ICRC, Martin led a United Nations Development Programme project in Blue Nile State, Sudan. Born and raised in the Swiss Alps, he holds Master's degrees in International Affairs from the Graduate Institute, Geneva, and the Fletcher School at Tufts University, Massachusetts.

Olivier Ray

Director for Mobilization, Movement & Partnerships

Olivier Ray has been appointed to head the new department of Mobilization, Movement and Partnerships within the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in February 2022. He officially started his mandate with the new board of Directors on 1st July of this year.

Before joining the ICRC, Olivier was the Senior Adviser for Global Affairs to French President Emmanuel Macron, leading on multilateral issues (UN, G7 & G20), global health and environment, humanitarian, development and human rights. He has worked for the French Ministries of Foreign Affairs (policy planning and foresight division) and Health & Social affairs (diplomatic advisor to the Minister). He held various positions at the French Development Agency, including head of the crisis prevention and post conflict recovery unit, director for Lebanon and Syria and Regional director for the Middle East.

He holds an MA in International Relations from Columbia University, an MA in Public affairs from Sciences-Po, and a BSc in International Relations from the LSE. He is the co-author of Africa's Moment (2011, initially published in French in 2010), and Le Grand Basculement: la question sociale à l'échelle mondiale (2011), as well as many articles on international development.

Olivier is married and the happy father of two children.

Claire Hoang Sperandio

Director of People and Culture

Claire joined the ICRC in 2019, as deputy director for the Human Resources department where she oversaw several centers of expertise (talent acquisition and attraction, career, learning & development, people analytics, HR risk assurance) and designed the People Strategy 2020-2025.

Claire has over 25 years of Human Resources experience gained in the private sector and international organizations where she held several senior HR positions. Her specialty lies in HR partnership, talent management, leadership development and coaching.

Claire is Swiss and French, of Vietnamese extraction. She holds a Master Degree in Management and Business Administration from Neoma Business School, France, as well as a professional coaching certification from the Henley Business School.

Dr Nils Melzer

Director of International Law, Policy & Humanitarian Diplomacy

Nils Melzer was appointed as the ICRC's Director of International Law, Policy and Humanitarian Diplomacy in 2022. He has previously served with the ICRC from 1999 until 2011, both as a delegate in operational contexts and as a legal adviser in Geneva.

He has also been the United Nations Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (2016-2022); Senior Security Policy Advisor to the Swiss Ministry of Foreign Affairs (2015-2016); and Vice-President of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law in Sanremo (2019-2022).

An affiliate Professor of International Law at the University of Glasgow, he has also held the Swiss Chairs for Human Rights and, respectively, for International Humanitarian Law at the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, and has been a Senior Fellow and Programme Advisor for Emerging Security Challenges at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, as well as Research Director at the Centre for Business and Human Rights at the University of Zurich.

Sarah Epprecht-Noetzli

Director of Protection and Essential Services

Sarah Epprecht-Noetzli is Director of Protection and Essential Services at the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), charged with overseeing the further development of the ICRC's programs to achieve humanitarian outcomes for and with people affected by armed conflict and other situations of violence. These include the ICRC's work in the domains of health, economic security, WASH, weapons contamination, as well as efforts to address issues related to the respect of civilians and detainees and persons who are separated from their families, or have gone missing.

Ms Epprecht joined the ICRC in 2000 as delegate in the Democratic Republic of Congo and subsequently held program coordination and management positions in the ICRC's operations in Afghanistan, Israel and the Occupied Territories, Liberia, Rwanda, Malaysia and Armenia. She has worked in advisory roles in the development of the ICRC's policies and action in relation with the humanitarian consequences of migration, the promotion of judicial guarantees linked with the ICRC's work in places of detention, and the legal frameworks applicable to the ICRC's operations.

Ms Epprecht was Chief of Staff to the Director of Operations and then Deputy Director of Operations in charge of Protection and Assistance programs prior to taking up her current assignment.

Valérie Abrell Duong

Director of Support and Digital Transformation

Valérie Abrell Duong is a game-changing and visionary leader in IT and digital transformation with extensive international experience in health care, retail, consumer packaged goods and humanitarian work. She started at Procter & Gamble in software development, then focused on new business models and pioneered e-commerce and digital marketing for global brands such as Pampers, Gillette, SK-II and Ariel.

In 2009, she took a broadening assignment at HP as a disruptive innovation consultant to large accounts. In 2010, she came back to P&G as the head of IT & Digital for EMEA and built digital scale to competitive advantage. In 2016, Valérie joined Sanofi as the IT Vice President for Digital and Innovation, as well as CIO Diabetes and Cardiovascular. She promoted new ways of working, injecting an entrepreneurial spirit to advance technology and data-driven innovations such as multichannel marketing services, patient support programs or digital therapeutics. Since 2021, she serves as an advisor and business angel for startups in health care, tech or sustainability.

In April 2022, she joined the International Committee of the Red Cross and the directorate in July 2022 of the ICRC as Director of Support and Digital Transformation. Valérie has an M.S. in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from CentraleSupélec. She strives to create a collaborative and stimulating environment in which people are free to express their creativity, be bold and have an impact.

Marc Rivers

Chief Financial Officer

Marc Rivers - ICRC CFO

Marc Rivers joined the ICRC on 1 April 2024 with an outstanding record of senior-level leadership, financial management, risk and compliance. With more than 30 years of experience, he has worked in various complex industries, notably as CFO of Fonterra Co-operative Group and as Divisional CFO at Roche Pharmaceuticals, and including appointments in China, Germany, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland, Thailand, and the USA. Prior to commencing at ICRC Marc served as President and Chief Financial Officer of Bridgewest Perth Pharma and chaired the Finance and Audit committee of Te Whatu Ora (Health New Zealand), New Zealand's national health system.

Marc earned a Bachelor of Arts in International Studies and a Masters of International Business from the University of South Carolina, USA. He is married and has three adult sons.