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Iraq: facts and figures 2011

29-03-2012 Facts and Figures

In 2011, ongoing violence took a heavy toll on civilians in Iraq. The population continued to carry the humanitarian burden of decades of conflict, which have left tens of thousands of people seeking to know what happened to their missing relatives, and made Iraq one of the countries most heavily contaminated by unexploded munitions. Access to such basic necessities as clean water and proper health care also remained a challenge for far too many Iraqis, especially in rural and conflict-prone areas.

Over the year, the ICRC increased the scope of its humanitarian activities in the areas hardest hit by the conflict and other violence, in particular in the disputed territories and central Iraq. It assisted such vulnerable people and communities as women heading households, disabled people, needy farmers, and the internally displaced. Supporting the Iraqi authorities in their efforts to determine what became of those who went missing continued to be one of the ICRC's priorities, as was visiting people in places of detention to monitor the conditions in which they are being held and the treatment they receive. The ICRC also focused on strengthening health and physical rehabilitation services, improving access to clean water, clearing unexploded munitions, and responding to humanitarian emergencies. The ICRC remained committed to preventing further suffering by promoting respect for International humanitarian law among decision makers and weapon bearers.

This year, the ICRC is carrying on with the humanitarian tasks it has been performing for the Iraqi population ever since the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq war in 1980. In order to ensure that it can continue to do so, it maintains dialogue with all parties. Its aim is to keep giving voice and bringing aid, without discrimination except on the basis of need, to people suffering hardship.

In addition to its delegation in Baghdad, the ICRC has sub-delegations in Baghdad, Erbil, Najaf and Kirkuk, offices in Basra, Sulaimaniya, Dohuk and Ramadi, and outposts in Amara, Nasiriya and Khanaqin. The ICRC has some 800 staff in the country, including 700 Iraqi nationals.



Basra – With ICRC's help, Kamla started a small brick-making business to support her family after the death of her husband.
© ICRC/Getty images / Ed OU