The ICRC maintained a permanent presence in 69 countries but conducted operations in about 80. Its permanent delegations were distributed as follows:
- Africa: 21
- The Americas: 9
- Europe/Central Asia: 15
- Asia: 15
- Middle East: 9
The average number of ICRC staff was as follows:
- headquarters: 800
- field staff: 10,057 (985 expatriate, 176 National Society and 8,896 local staff)
- total: 10,857
ICRC expenditure in 2001 totalled 829.5 million Swiss francs (145.3 million for headquarters and 684.2 million for the field).
For 2002, the ICRC headquarters budget amounts to 149.8 million Swiss francs (87.5 million US dollars), 62.2% of which is allocated to " field support " services and 21.8% to the promotion of international humanitarian law. The field budget comes to 765.8 million Swiss fr ancs (447.3million US dollars). The total budget thus amounts to 915.6 million Swiss francs.
Africa accounts for a substantial proportion of the field budget (304.1 million Swiss francs or 39.7%), followed by Europe/North America with 147.2 million francs (19.2%) and Asia with 133.4million (17.4%). The operations with the highest budgets are being conducted in Afghanistan (59.1 million for the first four months of the year), the Russian Federation (53.1million), Sudan (46.1 million), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (42.3 million), Israel and the occupied and the autonomous territories (35.3 million), Rwanda (31.4 million) and the southern Caucasus (30.8 million).
VISITS TO DETAINEES
ICRC delegates visited 346,807 detainees held in 1,988 places of detention in more than 70countries. Of this number, 24,479 detainees were registered and visited in 2001 for the first time. The ICRC issued more than 32,800 detention certificates.
The figure of 346,807 detainees visited also includes some who received ICRC assistance but whose cases were not followed up individually.
RESTORATION OF FAMILY LINKS
The ICRC forwarded 865,465 Red Cross messages, enabling members of families separated as a result of conflict, disturbances or tension to be reunited or to exchange news. The organization also established the whereabouts of 1,897 people whose families had filed tracing requests.
The ICRC helped more than 1,660 people to rejoin their families and issued travel documents that enabled 7,463 people to return to their home countries or settle in a host country.
The ICRC distributed almost 130,000 tonnes of relief supplies (food, clothing, blankets, tents, etc.) worth 155 million Swiss francs (92 million US dollars) in 60 countries, including 30 million Swiss francs'worth (18 million US dollars) of medical assistance. The value and tonnage of assistance distributed was more than 30% down on the figures for 2001. The reduction in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was even larger, at over 60%.
SURGERY/CARE FOR THE DISABLED
The ICRC gave substantial assistance to 134 hospitals in 22 countries and regions, notably the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, countries in the northern and southern Caucasus, Angola, Sierra Leone, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Sudan. In Afghanistan, the organization supplied 19 hospitals and 16 first-aid posts on a regular basis, and assisted 25 hospitals following bombings by the Coalition. The ICRC fully supported Dili General Hospital (East Timor) for six months before handing it over to the UNTAET health service.
Between them, these 134 facilities treated 286,309 patients during 2001, including 18,189 war wounded, of whom almost 1,500 had been injured by mines. A total of 161,832 operations were carried out and 2,330,699 people received outpatient treatment. The support programme for 40hospitals in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia accounted for 60% of inpatients and 80% of outpatient consultations. More than 150 additional hospitals received ad hoc assistance.
ICRC surgical teams worked in eight hospitals (four in Afghanistan and one in each of Kenya, Sierra Leone, Sudan, and East Timor), performing over 13,500 operations on 10,500 patients and giving outpatient treatment to 69,850 more.
Two hospital training programmes came to an end on 30 June: a five-year programme in the surgical department of Kandahar Hospital, Afghanistan, and a two-year programme covering all departments of Dili General Hospital, East Timor.
In addition, a team of specialists in maxillo-facial reconstructive surgery completed a training programme for Ethiopian surgeons. Short-term surgical assignments, mainly to train local surgeons or in response to serious crises, were carried out in 13 other hospitals in Africa (in Angola, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Somalia and Tanzania) and in the Solomon Islands.
In 11 countries around the world, 23 ICRC-supported first-aid posts treated more than 10,200war wounded.
Fifteen seminars on management of the war-wounded were organized for civilian and military surgeons in thirteen countries: the Russian Federation (Moscow, for surgeons from the northern and southern Caucasus), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Eritrea, Somalia, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, Chad, the Central African Republic and Guinea. These seminars were in addition to the seminar held annually in Geneva.
Care for the disabled
The ICRC was involved in 39 orthotic/prosthetic projects in 22 countries: 7,852 new amputees were fitted with artificial limbs and 17,531 prostheses were manufactured, including 9,444 for mine victims. A further 11,291 people were fitted with orthotic appliances, and 3,041 received wheelchairs.
ICRC COOPERATION WITH NATIONAL SOCIETIES
An increasing number of ICRC activities for victims of conflict and internal strife are implemented jointly with National Societies, wherever their network, structure and capacity permit. In joint operations, the ICRC coordinates all input from components of the Movement and helps increase the capacity of the local National Society. In 2001, a total of 45 National Societies in countries affected by armed conflict or internal strife worked with the ICRC in programmes ranging from aid distribution and medical services to tracing and preventive action. Furthermore, 15 National Societies from third countries capable of providing resources and taking a direct part in international relief activities (known as Participating National Societies – PNS) were also involved in ICRC work in 56 specific projects across 19 countries.
In 2001, the ICRC budgeted some 60 million Swiss francs for capacity-building programmes, providing support for:
- 113 National Societies in their work to promote humanitarian law and the Fundamental Principles;
- 79 National Societies in their work to restore family links;
- 73 National Societies in the areas of conflict preparedness and response;
- 104 National Societies in their general coordination tasks (11.3 million Swiss francs).