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Nairobi Summit on a Mine-Free World


First Review Conference of the Convention on the Prohibition of Anti-Personnel Mines - The Nairobi Summit on a Mine-Free World, 29 November to 3 December 2004

The First Review Conference of the Convention on the Prohibition of Anti-personnel Mines - the " Nairobi Summit on a Mine Free World " - will take place in Nairobi, Kenya, 29 November to 3 December 2004. The Nairobi Summit represents a crucial milestone on the road to a mine free world.

Governments, international organizations, the International Committee of the Red Cross and other members of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, as well as the International Campaign to Ban Landmines and other civil society representatives from all over the world, will gather in Nairobi to take stock of the progress made towards the global elimination of anti-personnel mines since the Convention entered into force in 1999. Tremendous progress has been made in these five years, but still these hidden killers continue to claim new victims every day. The Nairobi Summit and the year leading up to it present a vital opportunity to mobilize States and civil society to ensure that efforts to rid the world of anti-personnel landmines are sustained for as long as these inhumane weapons continue to threaten people and communities around the world. The meeting must establish a concrete plan of action to ensure that mined lands are cleared, stockpiled mines are destroyed, and mine survivors are cared for in the following five years and beyond. Mine-affected and other States Parties have been invited to present their plans and commitments so that the 2004 Nairobi Summit can determine what is needed to finish the job. 

The ICRC remains firmly committed to achieving the Convention's humanitarian objectives and bringing about a mine free world. The ICRC urges all States Parties to the Convention to renew their commi tments to mine-affected communities when their leaders gather in Nairobi at the end of this year.



Background to the conference 


The Nairobi Summit on a Mine-Free World is the name given to the landmark First Review Conference of the Convention on the Prohibition of Anti-Personnel Mines.

  • According to the Convention, a Review Conference will be convened five years after its entry into force. The Convention entered into force on 1 March 1999, implying that the Review Conference would be held in 2004.

  • The Nairobi Summit will mark the most significant gathering of world leaders to address the global landmine problem since the historic Convention signing in Ottawa, Canada in December 1997.

  • At the Nairobi Summit, world leaders will assess the enormous progress made in ending the suffering caused by anti -personnel mines since the Convention was established. In addition, they are expected to adopt a powerful declaration and action plan recommitting themselves to overcoming the challenges that remain.

  • The Summit marks the mid-way point between the Convention’s entry into force and the 10–year deadline by which the first States to accept the Convention will be required to have cleared their mined areas.

  • The C onvention’s States Parties have designated Ambassador Wolfgang Petritsch, Austria’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations in Geneva, as President of the Summit, charging him with leading preparations for the international meeting.

  • Ambassador Esther M.Tolle, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kenya, has been named Secretary-General-Designate of the Summit, in charge of host country Summit organization.