Ethiopia: course for military and police on laws applying in internal security operations
04-04-2006 News Release
The ICRC has organized two workshops for Ethiopian security forces officers, to promote respect for humanitarian rules during internal security operations. A training manual is being prepared.
The following was issued as a press release by the ICRC delegation in Addis Ababa on 31 March 2006.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has organized two workshops on internal security operations for 75 officers of the Ethiopian National Defence Forces and the Federal Police Commission. These workshops, aimed at developing a training manual for joint military and police instructors, took place from 20 to 31 March 2006 at the Armed Forces Officers'club in Addis Ababa.
The law applicable to internal security operations is a body of rules that regulate operations involving the deployment of armed forces in support of police and security forces with the primary purpose of maintaining or restoring law and order during internal disturbances or other situations of internal violence.
During the opening ceremony, the commander of the main training department, Major- General Tadesse Worede, declared: " The Ethiopian military is governed on the principles and directives of the constitution and the international treaties that Ethiopia has ratified. The military are deployed when existing police forces are unable to cope with a situation or are conducting a joint operation to restore law and order. The Ethiopian military should know the legal framework in which they are operating, and training on international standards should be undertaken. "
The head of the ICRC delegation in Ethiopia, Mr. Markus Brudermann, said: " The ICRC has acknowledged that, in order to ensure adequate protection and assistance to victims of situations of internal violence, it is essenti al to ensure respect for fundamental principles of humanity in the conduct of internal security operations, not only by the police and security forces, but also by the military deployed. "
The manual is being prepared by the main training department of the National Defence Forces together with the Federal Police Commission. Its content should enable instructors to prepare theoretical training in order to impart the knowledge and understanding of human rights and humanitarian law required for adequate task performance, to develop new techniques and tactics – and to adapt those that already exist into the existing training curricula.
During the course, topics on international standards pertaining to the use of force, arrest and detention, national law relevant to internal security operations, as well as chain of command by joint military and police, were presented by ICRC, Ethiopian military and police legal experts, consolidating with case studies and practical demonstrations involving all the above aspects.