Tackling poverty in conflict zones with cash transfers
Cash transfers have become an increasingly important method of helping those displaced in armed conflict to fight against poverty and recover their livelihood.
From 2012 to 2017, the number of people assisted through cash transfer programming by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has increased by 600 percent, according to a latest report issued by the international organization.
The report showed that in 2012, the organization used nearly six million US dollars worth of cash and vouchers to meet the needs of 190,000 people in some 20 countries. And by 2017, about 1.4 million people in more than 35 countries received cash transfer totaling about 63.4 million US dollars.
The remarkable growth shows that cash transfers are favored in conflict zones, primarily because having immediate access to cash in order to buy essential goods can mean the difference between life and death.
However, it is important to note that the cash transfers adopted by the ICRC do not merely give money or vouchers to people who need them.
The cash transfer program advocates a needs-based analysis with the affected people, meaning the ICRC has to work out when and why some of the needy prefer direct cash assistance and others prefer other forms of support.
For example, in the areas where armed conflicts destroyed crops, shopping centers and food markets, giving the affected people money means giving them nothing.
But in other areas, where the markets persist, it is easy and efficient to give the poor money as a way of maintaining their basic needs and working towards recovery.
This needs-based relief undoubtedly brings the desired results and maintains the sustainable development of the cash transfer in the future.
"So for us, it's really important that we keep using cash when it's the best tool, so we will always continue in every country to assess the markets, to understand the needs of the effected population and understand what they prefer and wherever the cash is right tool, we will use it," said Jo Burton, Cash Transfers & Markets Specialist with the ICRC.
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