They are Lebanese. Decades ago, their ancestors settled in Syria. When war broke out in 2011, they fled Syria to their country of origin, leaving behind their homes and their belongings; their entire lives. As Lebanese nationals, they are not eligible for refugee aid, yet many of them endure the same hardships and are in dire need of assistance.
At the end of 2014, the ICRC began providing Lebanese returnees with cash assistance for a period of six months. And to help about 20 particularly vulnerable returnee families to start earning a living, the ICRC has been working with local NGO Jihad Al-Bina'a, providing goats and training so that people can produce and sell goats' milk and other dairy products.
The ICRC has also coordinated with the High Relief Commission (a Lebanese government agency), the International Organization for Migration and UNHCR to aid vulnerable Lebanese returnees who are not receiving any other help.
The ICRC hopes to help them regain a little bit of economic independence, boosting their self-confidence and restoring their dignity.