Pledging to make hospitals safe havens

07 March 2016
Pledging to make hospitals safe havens
Yemen, Taiz city, Al-Thawra hospital. The three patients who had been laying in this room were pulled out of their beds when the shelling started. CC BY-NC-ND/ICRC/W. Al Absi

Health Care in Danger newsletter - March 2016

Hospitals embody our sense of humanity and our compassion for those who are suffering. If we are to care for patients we need to ensure that hospitals are safe. Unfortunately, this is often not the case in contemporary conflicts and emergencies.

We at the International Hospital Federation (IHF) became involved in the Health Care in Danger initiative because we believe that by working together we can ensure better, safer delivery of health care. This approach will also help our members handle the threats they face to keeping their hospitals operational and continue providing proper care for their patients.

The 32nd International Conference – an opportunity to make the delivery of health care safer

The IHF was impressed by the participants' dedication – whether they represented governments or the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. The discussions reflected a deep commitment to the core values of the Geneva Conventions, although many attendees, myself included, were disappointed by the lack of consensus to support the ICRC draft resolution on strengthening compliance with international humanitarian law.

However, these discussions are ongoing and the resolution adopted sends a clear message to civil society: we need to mobilize and play a stronger role at both the global and national level to urge governments to abide fully by international humanitarian law and to investigate and punish any breaches. This call for mobilization and cooperation is also strongly present in Resolution 4 on protecting the delivery of health care.

Making a pledge to support the Health Care in Danger initiative is an opportunity for the IHF to respond to those calls and mobilize our members on two major issues:

1. Increasing the resilience of hospitals.
2. Ensuring hospitals are safe havens.

Increasing the resilience of hospitals

If hospitals are to cope with increased man-made and environmental risks, they must improve their resilience. This requires accurate risk assessment and contingency planning, as no health-care provider can fulfil its mandate without preparedness activities and drills. It's about changing the mindset: making resilience part of daily operations and the decision-making process.

The IHF has been deeply involved in the global consultation process under the Health Care in Danger initiative. Preparedness was a major theme of the recommendations and measures developed by the experts and professionals who took part. Together with World Health Organization, the ICRC and Médecins sans Frontières, we are currently exploring ways to translate these recommendations into a rapid assessment and planning tool for hospitals. We are doing this by building on existing tools, such as the Hospital Safety Index.

South Sudan, Equatoria State, Maridi, evacuation queue. Patients with their caretakers await their turn to be taken to Juba. CC BY-NC-ND/ICRC/L. Horanieh

Ensuring hospitals are safe havens

Preparedness in peacetime is key if we want hospitals to be considered safe havens and be protected as such. It's about making sure that the core principles of the neutrality and inviolability of hospitals are accepted and shared by the population as a whole in peacetime and that they are upheld by all parties, regardless of allegiances, in times of conflict. This is crucial, because we can reasonably assume that the threat levels will be higher in armed conflict than in peacetime.

Although we do not have the authority to require our members to honour the pledge, we will encourage them to report back annually on the measures taken.

Partnership and concerted action are key

We believe that setting up a partnership between all major professional associations – achieved at the global level by the Health Care in Danger initiative – is the right approach for improving the safety and resilience of hospitals. The challenge is reproducing this approach in each country, where these issues can be much more sensitive. But preserving a place for humanity in armed conflict is worth the effort.

Dr Eric de Roodenbeke

About the author
Dr Eric de Roodenbeke is the CEO of the International Hospital Federation (IHF), a global association of health-care provider organizations.
The IHF encourages members to exchange knowledge and experience and address issues related to the operations, practices and policies of health-care facilities.

Read also:
"Are we doing enough to safeguard health-care services?" by Ali Naraghi, ICRC
"Five takeaways from the Health Care in Danger commissions" by Ambassador Martin Seleka, Republic of South Africa
"A road map for protecting health-care services" by Alexander Breitegger, IHF

Health Care in Danger is an initiative of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement to make access to, and delivery of, health care safer in armed conflict or other emergencies. This initiative calls for the respect and protection of health-care workers, facilities and vehicles and the implementation of a series of recommendations and practical measures to safeguard health-care services and their humanitarian mission. This initiative is supported by a number of partners, individuals and organisations, members of the Health Care in Danger Community of Concern.

For more information: