The ICRC Directorate

The Directorate is the ICRC's executive body, responsible for implementing and overseeing the institutional strategy and general objectives defined by the Assembly and the Assembly Council. The Directorate is also responsible for managing ICRC staff and ensuring the smooth running of the organization as a whole. The members of the Directorate are appointed by the ICRC Assembly for four-year terms. The current Directorate began its mandate on 1 July 2022 with six new members.

ICRC Director-General_Pierre_Krähenbühl.jpg
Pierre Krähenbühl Director-General

Pierre Krähenbühl is Director-General of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), a position he assumed in April 2024. As head of the ICRC's executive body, he is responsible for steering the organisation's global humanitarian activities and its 18,000 staff in more than 100 countries, with a yearly budget of over USD 2.1 billion.

Mr Krähenbühl has dedicated more than 30 years to the humanitarian sector, including 25 years in prominent roles at the ICRC in delegations and at headquarters. His previous leadership appointments at the ICRC include director of operations (2002-2014) and personal adviser to the President of the ICRC (2000-2002). Mr Krähenbühl also carried out various operational assignments in El Salvador, Peru, Afghanistan, and Bosnia and Herzegovina (1991-1998); and as head of operations for Central and South-Eastern Europe, based in Geneva (1998-2000).

Immediately prior to holding the Director-General position, Mr Krähenbühl was secretary-general to the Assembly at the ICRC (2023-2024). He served as the personal envoy of the ICRC President to China and head of regional delegation for East Asia (2021-2023). In 2014 he was appointed as commissioner-general and under-secretary general of the United Nations at UNRWA (2014-2019).

He holds an MA in political science and international relations from the University of Geneva and Graduate Institute of International Relations.

ICRC Martin Schüepp
Martin Schüepp Director of Operations

Martin Schüepp is the ICRC’s director of operations.

Since joining the ICRC in 2007, Mr Schüepp has held various operational and managerial positions in complex conflict environments, notably in Sudan's Darfur region, southern and south-eastern Afghanistan, and eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. He coordinated the ICRC's operations in West Africa before overseeing the organization’s operations in Europe and Central Asia, first as deputy regional director and then, from 2019 to 2022, as regional director.

Prior to joining the ICRC, Mr Schüepp led a United Nations Development Programme project in Blue Nile State, Sudan. 

Born and raised in the Swiss Alps, he holds master's degrees in international affairs from the Geneva Graduate Institute and the Fletcher School at Tufts University.

ICRC Olivier Ray
Olivier Ray Director for Mobilization, Movement and Partnerships

Olivier Ray was appointed to head the ICRC’s new department, Mobilization, Movement and Partnerships, in February 2022, and officially started his mandate with the board of Directors in July 2022. 

Before joining the ICRC, Mr Ray was the senior adviser for global affairs to French president Emmanuel Macron, leading on multilateral issues (UN, G7 and G20), global health and environment, humanitarian issues, development and human rights. He has worked for the French ministries of foreign affairs (in the policy-planning and foresight division) and social affairs and health (as diplomatic adviser to the minister). He also held various positions at the French Development Agency, including head of the crisis prevention and post-conflict recovery unit, director for Lebanon and Syria, and regional director for the Middle East.

Mr Ray holds a master’s in international relations from Columbia University, a master’s in public affairs from the Paris Institute of Political Studies, and a B.Sc. in international relations from the London School of Economics. He is the co-author of Africa's Moment (2011, initially published in French in 2010) and Le Grand Basculement: La Question Sociale à l'Échelle Mondiale (2011), as well as many articles on international development.

Mr Ray is married and the happy father of two children.

ICRC Claire Hoang Sperandio
Claire Hoang Sperandio Director of People and Culture

Claire Hoang Sperandio joined the ICRC in 2019 as deputy director for the human resources (HR) department, where she oversaw several centres of expertise (talent acquisition and attraction, career, learning and development, people analytics and HR risk assurance) and designed the People Strategy 2020–2025.

Ms Hoang Sperandio has over 25 years of HR experience gained in both the private sector and international organizations, where she held several senior HR positions. Her expertise lies in HR partnerships, talent management, leadership development and coaching.

Ms Hoang Sperandio is a Swiss–French citizen of Vietnamese descent. She holds a master’s degree in management and business administration from NEOMA Business School and a professional coaching certification from Henley Business School.

ICRC Nils Melzer
Nils Melzer Director of International Law, Policy and Humanitarian Diplomacy

Nils Melzer was appointed as the ICRC's director of international law, policy and humanitarian diplomacy in 2022. He previously worked at the ICRC from 1999 to 2011, both as a delegate in the field and as a legal adviser in Geneva.

Before joining the Directorate, he served as the United Nations special rapporteur on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment (2016–2022); senior security-policy adviser to the Swiss ministry for foreign affairs (2015–2016); and vice-president of the International Institute of Humanitarian Law (2019–2022).

An affiliate professor of international law at the University of Glasgow, he has held the Swiss chairs for human rights and for international humanitarian law at the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights. He was a senior fellow and programme adviser for emerging security challenges at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy and was research director at the University of Zurich’s Centre for Human Rights.

ICRC Sarah Epprecht-Noetzli
Sarah Epprecht-Noetzli Director of Protection and Essential Services

Sarah Epprecht-Noetzli is director of protection and essential services at the ICRC, where oversees the further development of the ICRC's programmes to help people caught up in armed conflict and other violence. This include the ICRC's work in the domains of health; economic security; water, sanitation and hygiene; and weapon contamination; as well as efforts around respect for civilians and detainees, and around people who have been separated from their families or have gone missing.

Ms Epprecht joined the ICRC in 2000 as delegate in the Democratic Republic of Congo and subsequently held programme-coordination and management positions in the ICRC's operations in Afghanistan, Israel and the Occupied Territories, Liberia, Rwanda, Malaysia and Armenia. She has worked in advisory roles developing the ICRC's policies and activities related to the humanitarian consequences of migration, the promotion of legal assurances for the ICRC's work in places of detention, and the legal frameworks applicable to the ICRC's operations.

Prior to assuming her current role, Ms Epprecht was chief of staff to the director of operations and then deputy director of operations in charge of protection and assistance programmes.

ICRC Valérie Abrell Duong
Valérie Abrell Duong Director of Support and Digital Transformation

Valérie Abrell Duong is a game-changing and visionary leader in IT and digital transformation with extensive international experience in the humanitarian field as well as health care, retail and consumer goods. She started at Procter & Gamble in software development and then focused on new business models and pioneering e-commerce and digital marketing for global brands such as Pampers, Gillette, SK-II and Ariel.

In 2009, she took a broadening assignment at HP as a disruptive innovation consultant to large accounts. In 2010, she returned to Procter & Gamble as the head of IT and digital for Europe, the Middle East and Africa and built digital scale to competitive advantage. In 2016, Ms Abrell Duong joined Sanofi as the IT vice-president for digital and innovation, as well as chief investment officer for diabetes and cardiovascular. She promoted new ways of working, injecting an entrepreneurial spirit to advance technology and data-driven innovations such as multichannel marketing services, patient-support programmes and digital therapeutics. Since 2021, she has served as an adviser and business angel for start-ups in health care, tech and sustainability.

Ms Abrell Duong joined the ICRC in April 2022 and joined the Directorate in July 2022 of as director of support and digital transformation. She has a M.Sc. in electrical engineering and computer science from CentraleSupélec. She strives to create a collaborative and stimulating environment in which people are free to express their creativity, be bold and make an impact.

CFO_ICRC_Mark Rivers
Marc Rivers Chief Financial Officer

Marc Rivers joined the ICRC on 1 April 2024 with an outstanding record of senior-level leadership, financial management, risk and compliance. With more than 30 years of experience, he has worked in various complex industries, notably as CFO of Fonterra Co-operative Group and as Divisional CFO at Roche Pharmaceuticals, and including appointments in China, Germany, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland, Thailand, and the USA. Prior to commencing at ICRC Marc served as President and Chief Financial Officer of Bridgewest Perth Pharma and chaired the Finance and Audit committee of Te Whatu Ora (Health New Zealand), New Zealand's national health system.

Marc earned a Bachelor of Arts in International Studies and a Masters of International Business from the University of South Carolina, USA. He is married and has three adult sons.