Protecting Civilians Against Digital Threats During Armed Conflict: Recommendations to states, belligerents, tech companies, and humanitarian organizations

Between 2021 and 2023, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) convened a global advisory board of high-level leaders and experts from the legal, military, policy, technological, and security fields to advise the organization on digital threats and to develop concrete recommendations to protect civilians against such threats. This report presents recommendations to belligerents, states, technology companies, and humanitarian organizations to prevent or mitigate digital threats to civilian populations. The Executive Summary of this Report is available here.