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Documents on international protection of refugees

30-09-2001 Article, International Review of the Red Cross, No. 843

 Selected international treaties and other legal texts  


Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, of 28 July 1951

137 States Parties (1 August 2001)

Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees, of 31 January 1967

136 States Parties (1 August 2001)

United Nations General Assembly Resolution 319 A (IV), of 3 December 1949, establishing a High Commissioner’s Office for Refugees as of 1 January 1951

Statute of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (Annex to General Assembly Resolution 428 (V), of 14 December 1950)

United Nations Declaration on Territorial Asylum (General Assembly Resolution 2312 (XXII), of 14 December 1967)

OAU Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, of 10 September 1969

48 States Parties (1 August 2001)

Cartagena Declaration on Refugees, of 19-22 November 1984


 Selected bibliography  

Amnesty International, The UN and Refugees’ Human Rights , London, 1997

Carlier J.-Y. et al. (ed.), Who is a Refugee? A Comparative Case Law Study , Kluwer Law International, The Hague, 1997

Chimni B. S. (ed.), International Refugee Law: A Reader , Sage Publications, New Delhi, 2000

Cohen R. and Deng F. (ed.), Masses in Flight: The Global Crisis of Internal Displacement , Brookings Institution, Washington DC, 1998

Cohen R. and Deng F. (ed.), The Forsaken People: Case Studies of the Internally Displaced , Brookings Institution, Washington DC, 1998

Coles G. J. L., UNHCR and the Political Dimensions of Protection , UNHCR, Geneva, 1995

Crisp J., Who Has Counted the Refugees? UNHCR and the Politics of Numbers , UNHCR Working Paper No. 12, Geneva, 1999

Cutts M., “Politics and Humanitarianism”, Refugee Survey Quarterly , Vol. 17, No. 1, 1998

Dinstein Y., “Refugees and the Law of Armed Conflict”, Israel Yearbook on Human Rights , Vol. 12, 1982

Forsythe D., UNHCR’s Mandate: the Politics of Being Non-Political , Working Paper No. 33, Geneva, March 2001

Goodwin-Gill G., The Refugee in International Law , Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1996

Gowlland-Debbas V., The Problem of Refugees in the Light of Contemporary International Law , Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1996

Grahl-Madsen A., The Status of Refugees in International Law , Vols. 1 and 2, Sijthoff, Leyden, 1966 and 1972

Grahl-Madsen A., Commentary on the Refugee Convention 1951 , reprinted by UNHCR, Geneva, 1997

Hathaway J. C., The Law of Refugee Status , Buttersworth, Toronto, 1991

Holborn L. W., The International Refugee Organization: A Specialized Agency of the United Nations , its History and Work 1946 – 1952, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1956

Holborn L. W., Refugees: A Problem of Our Time: the Work of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees , 1951–1972, 2 volumes, Scarecrow Press, Methuen NJ, 1975

Jackson I., The Refugee Concept in Group Situations , Kluwer Law International, The Hague, 1999

Kälin W., Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement: Annotations , Studies in Transnational Legal Policy No. 32, American Society of International Law, Washington DC, 2000

Kourula P., Broadening the Edges. Refugee Definition and International Protection Revisited , Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague, 1997

Krill F., “ICRC action in aid of refugees”, International Review of the Red Cross , No. 265, July-August 1988, pp. 328-350

Lavoyer J.-P., “Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons. International Humanitarian Law and the Role of the ICRC”, International Review of the Red Cross , No. 305, March-April 1995, pp. 162-180

Loescher G., The UNHCR and World Politics . A Perilous Path, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2001

Nicholson F. and Twomey P. (ed.), Refugee Rights and Realities: Evolving International Concepts and Regimes , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999

Plattner D., “The Protection of Displaced Persons in Non-International Armed Conflicts”, International Review of the Red Cross , No. 291, November-December 1992, pp. 567-580

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), The State of the World’s Refugees. Fifty Years of Humanitarian Action , Geneva, 2000

UNHCR, Handbook on Procedures and Criteria for Determining Refugee Status , Geneva, 1979

UNHCR, Collection of International Instruments and Other Legal Texts Concerning Refugees and Displaced Persons , 2 volumes, 2nd ed., Geneva, 1995

UNHCR, International Thesaurus of Refugee Terminology , United Nations, New York and Geneva, 1996

Weiss P., “The 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees and Some Questions of the Law of Treaties”, British Yearbook of International Law , Vol. 23, 1967


 International Journal of Refugee Law , published quarterly by Oxford University Press

 Journal of Refugee Studies , published quarterly by Oxford University Press

 Refugee Survey Quarterly , published quarterly by Oxford University Press

 Refugees/Réfugiés , magazine published by UNHCR (with Arab, Chinese, English, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Russian and Spanish editions)

 Internet Websites  

UN High Commissioner for Refugees :  http://www.unhcr.ch  UNHCR RefWorld — a collection of full-text databases representing the most comprehensive and reliable refugee information resource available (also on CD-ROM) : http://www.unhcr.ch  

UNHCR/The Review