The ICRC Special Fund for the Disabled (SFD) was set up by the International Committee of the Red Cross in 1983 in response to Resolution XXVII of the 24th International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (Manila 1981). Its objectives were to:
ensure the continuity of ICRC projects for the war-disabled in countries where the ICRC’s mandate has ceased to apply;
assist the disabled in low-income countries by placing at their disposal the limb-fitting techniques which have been developed for war-disabled persons.
In June 2000, the ICRC Assembly converted the SFD into an independent foundation under Swiss law and opened its board to non-ICRC members.
On 12 January 2001, the SFD was legally constituted and entered in the Geneva Trade Register as a new non-profit-making foundation governed by articles 80 et seq. of the Swiss Civil Code.
The Statutes of the new foundation provide for a board of up to 15 members including six ICRC representatives. At the end of 2002, the SFD Board was composed of five ICRC representatives and two non-ICRC members.